There are two kinds of nutrients in the food we eat :
- Macro-nutrients which are carbohydrates, fats and proteins that we absorb in large quantities and which produce energy needed by the body and
- Micro-nutrients which are present in small quantities(measured in µg)and which are responsible for important bodily functions.
These micronutrients include vitamins, minerals, polyunsaturated fatty acids, the bacteria in our intestinal flora and amino acids such as tryptophan and tyrosine.
The study of micronutrients concerns the complex and interesting discipline of micro-nutrition; your physician will assist you in identifying and satisfying your nutritional and micro-nutritional needs and guide you towards healthy eating.
Today way of eating (fast food, pesticides …) may cause deficiencies in micronutrients, provoking problems with body functions.
The greater the deficiency in micronutrients, the more prevalent imbalances and intolerances will lead to poor cellular functioning and, in the long term, the appearance of potentially serious clinical symptoms.
The guidance and personal accompaniment of a micro-nutritional specialist is essential for your nutritional and micro-nutritional needs.
He or she will establish objectives, define the risks of micronutrient deficiencies and search for their causes as well as create a supplement program according to your diet (vegetarian, vegan, protein, mediterranean, calorie restricted…).
In summary, micro-nutrition is a complex discipline that applies current scientific knowledge to problems which can result in deficiencies in micronutrients.
Your physician may also rely on certain tests to determine the type of micronutrient deficiency you have and the type of diet necessary.